We buy clothes from lots of option present today unaware of their basic knowledge, just that it should be appealing enough to eyes and sometimes we decide on how it looks on us. We mainly characterize them on their prints (apart from their weavings, colours & texture considered). Prints are the impression of any creative design made over the fabric or garments using paints or dyes during manufacturing process or at any finished stage. Printing signifies the application of color to the finished fabric to produce the desired patterns which may be floral (natural) to hide some manufacturing defects.
Printing is the process of applying colour to fabric in definite patterns or designs. In either way we can define textile printing as; it is one kind of localized dyeing where dyes or pigments & chemical applied by any method which can produce a particular effect of color on fabric according to design. There are different types of printing techniques which are applied on garments.
The different basic types of prints are as follows:
This is also known as ethnic or traditional print. In this print, classical motifs or traditional art work or traditional collections are used depending on their culture.
It has the print of varieties of flowers either in bunch or single spotted huge or small, combination of leaves and other addings. Here color combination is very important.
Stripes & Checks
One would have been different types on the garment but would not have noticed its classifications. We have many types of stripes for instance pin, zigzag, spiral, zebra, diagonal, horizontal, vertical, curved, lamp post stripes etc.
Checks are the prints which are got by interesting horizontal and vertical lines at ninety degree angles.
The dots are the spots either designed or plain and come in all colors of choice. The dots are basically divided into three types as big dots, small dots and polka dots.
Geometric & Directional
This is the print where all the geometrical instrument designs are created and the mathematical signs are used such as plus, minus, multiplication, division etc. There is no prescribed color combination. Any print which is designed directionally horizontal, vertical or diagonal is called the directional print. Its feature is to follow the direction of the first one. This type of print is used in Egyptian dresses.
Any design which has to be printed should be of the same shades of the background color. As for example rubber prints.
The design of this print is taken from computer graphic designs and videogames. Can be used for children and teenagers.
Wild & Animal
The effect of the forest with or without animal, nature are used in this types of print. Mostly dull colors are used.
Example: Camouflage fabric which is used in the uniform of the military men at war.
In a wild print, the nature such as forest with the pictures of animals are used but in animal print, no wild effect is shown but the importance is given only to the skin texture of the animals and their foot prints such as Zebra, Tiger, Deer, Snake etc.
Abstract & Children’s
This print is made using the irregular shapes with matching color scheme. It consists of designs which can emphasize the children’s mood such as cartoon characters, chocolates, fruits, ice creams, toys etc.
Numerical & Alphabetical
Here the numbers from 0-9 are used. Sometimes with or without mathematical signs.
This print is made using alphabets, wording etc. but cartoons are mostly not used as combination with this. Example: Newspaper print.
The photos of the famous stars, pop singers, old cars etc. are printed on T-shirts which are called photo-print.
As fashion sensibilities become more individualistic, original, and organic; it is perhaps the best time to return to our roots and rediscover the designs indigenous to India. Here are five different types of prints that originate from India.
One of the famous Indian designs that have found appeal internationally as well, Bandhani is originally from Gujarat and Rajasthan. The name derives from ‘bandhna’ which means to tie, wherein portions of fabric are tied around a pebble/grain or simply tied and then dipped in dye. It is then unwound when dry, to reveal its beautiful patterns.
From the region of the Patan, Gujarat, Patola is a type of weave that is done on cotton, silk, or blended fabrics. It is one of the most expensive weaves as the weave is very complicated.
Emerging from the Sindh region of Pakistan and Gujarat and Rajasthan in India, Ajrakh is a form of block printing. Mostly dominated by dyes in the colours of black, Indigo, green, red, and yellow; it has been commonly used on turbans and stoles.
With its birth attributed to being somewhere in the Middle East and parts of Asia, Batik is a form of tie and dye method, albeit, using wax to create the alluring patterns. It is dominated by floral patterns in earthy colours, with occasional use of bright shades.
Literally meaning ‘drawn with a pen’, the motifs mostly depict stories and characters from Indian mythology and culture, as well as floral and animal prints. Kalamkari did gain popularity in recent times as it got a foothold in the current Indian wardrobes by getting reinvented into modern designs and motifs on saris, kurtas, shirts, etc.
Choose your print now by their story, origin & process. Hope it was a good read.!!!